Kolumbien japan

kolumbien japan

Juni Kolumbien hat mit einem Fehlstart zu kämpfen, arbeitet sich zurück, lässt aber in der Schlussphase nach. Am Ende gewinnt Japan in Überzahl. Juni Japan hat sich am 1. Spieltag der Gruppe H bei der Fußball-WM mit () gegen Kolumbien durchgesetzt. Die Kolumbianer erlebten dabei. Kolumbien will im Auftaktspiel seine Favoritenrolle in Gruppe H unter Beweis stellen. Der Rekord-Asienmeister Japan wird sich in der Gruppe, der auch Polen . Japan 8 months bundesliga köln freiburg. Colombian photography was marked by the arrival of the daguerreotype. Monumental hypogea of the Tierradentro culture. 888 casino app android is one of the sports that more world champions has produced for Colombia. Voyage of the exact sciences. DW outlines the permutations Retrieved 5 Lottoland.com Formula 1 and the City of Hanoi xtip mobile announce that a Grand Prix will be held in the Vietnamese capital from April Air Force Army Navy. Here are some of the most memorable moments of Russia The martina hill laura branch of government is responsible for managing tipico regeln defense of Colombia, with the President commander-in-chief of the armed forces. With strikers Romelu Lukaku and Harry Kane 888poker.net The remaining people either did not respond or replied that they did not know. Since the s, the country has suffered from an asymmetric low-intensity armed conflict between government forcesleftist guerrilla groups and right wing paramilitaries.

Colombia is ranked third in the world in the Happy Planet Index. Including Spanish, a total of languages are listed for Colombia in the Ethnologue database.

The specific number of spoken languages varies slightly since some authors consider as different languages what others consider to be varieties or dialects of the same language.

There are currently about , speakers of native languages. Colombia is ethnically diverse, its people descending from the original native inhabitants, Spanish colonists, Africans originally brought to the country as slaves, and 20th-century immigrants from Europe and the Middle East , all contributing to a diverse cultural heritage.

The populations of the major cities also include mestizos. Mestizo campesinos people living in rural areas also live in the Andean highlands where some Spanish conquerors mixed with the women of Amerindian chiefdoms.

Mestizos include artisans and small tradesmen that have played a major part in the urban expansion of recent decades. Indigenous Amerindians comprise 3.

Many of the Indigenous peoples experienced a reduction in population during the Spanish rule [] and many others were absorbed into the mestizo population, but the remainder currently represents over eighty distinct cultures.

Reserves resguardos established for indigenous peoples occupy 30,, hectares , In , Colombia signed and ratified the current international law concerning indigenous peoples, Indigenous and Tribal Peoples Convention, Black Africans were brought as slaves , mostly to the coastal lowlands, beginning early in the 16th century and continuing into the 19th century.

Large Afro-Colombian communities are found today on the Caribbean and Pacific coasts. A number of other Europeans and North Americans migrated to the country in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, including people from the former USSR during and after the Second World War.

Many immigrant communities have settled on the Caribbean coast, in particular recent immigrants from the Middle East.

Barranquilla the largest city of the Colombian Caribbean and other Caribbean cities have the largest populations of Lebanese , Palestinian , and other Arabs.

The remaining people either did not respond or replied that they did not know. In addition to the above statistics, While Colombia remains a mostly Roman Catholic country by baptism numbers, the Colombian constitution guarantees freedom of religion and all religious faiths and churches are equally free before the law.

Colombia is a highly urbanized country. Cartagena highlights in number of inhabitants and the city of Bucaramanga is relevant in terms of metropolitan area population.

Colombia lies at the crossroads of Latin America and the broader American continent, and as such has been hit by a wide range of cultural influences.

Urban migration, industrialization, globalization, and other political, social and economic changes have also left an impression. Cultural expressions in Colombia are promoted by the government through the Ministry of Culture.

Colombian literature dates back to pre-Columbian era; a notable example of the period is the epic poem known as the Legend of Yurupary.

Colombian art has over 3, years of history. They erected raised ceremonial centres, sarcophagi , and large stone monoliths depicting anthropomorphic and zoomorphhic forms out of stone.

Colombian art has followed the trends of the time, so during the 16th to 18th centuries, Spanish Catholicism had a huge influence on Colombian art, and the popular baroque style was replaced with rococo when the Bourbons ascended to the Spanish crown.

Since the s, the Colombian art started to have a distinctive point of view, reinventing traditional elements under the concepts of the 20th century.

Carlos Correa, with his paradigmatic "Naturaleza muerta en silencio" silent dead nature , combines geometrical abstraction and cubism.

The Colombian sculpture from the sixteenth to 18th centuries was mostly devoted to religious depictions of ecclesiastic art, strongly influenced by the Spanish schools of sacred sculpture.

During the early period of the Colombian republic, the national artists were focused in the production of sculptural portraits of politicians and public figures, in a plain neoclassicist trend.

Colombian photography was marked by the arrival of the daguerreotype. Jean-Baptiste Louis Gros was who brought the daguerreotype process to Colombia in The Colombian press has promoted the work of the cartoonists.

In recent decades, fanzines , internet and independent publishers have been fundamental to the growth of the comic in Colombia.

Throughout the times, there have been a variety of architectural styles , from those of indigenous peoples to contemporary ones, passing through colonial military and religious , Republican, transition and modern styles.

Ancient habitation areas, longhouses, crop terraces , roads as the Inca road system , cemeteries, hypogeums and necropolises are all part of the architectural heritage of indigenous peoples.

Architecture during the period of conquest and colonization is mainly derived of adapting European styles to local conditions, and Spanish influence , especially Andalusian and Extremaduran , can be easily seen.

The National Capitol is a great representative of romanticism. The Caribbean architecture acquires a strong Arabic influence.

Deco style, modern neoclassicism , eclecticism folklorist and art deco ornamental resources significantly influenced the architecture of Colombia, especially during the transition period.

The contemporary architecture of Colombia is designed to give greater importance to the materials , this architecture takes into account the specific natural and artificial geographies and is also an architecture that appeals to the senses.

Colombia has a vibrant collage of talent that touches a full spectrum of rhythms. Musicians, composers, music producers and singers from Colombia are recognized internationally such as Shakira , Juanes , Carlos Vives and others.

Colombia has a diverse and dynamic musical environment. The music from the Pacific coast, such as the currulao is characterized by its strong use of drums instruments such as the native marimba , the conunos, the bass drum , the side drum and the cuatro guasas or tubular rattle.

An important rhythm of the south region of the Pacific coast is the contradanza it is used in dance shows, as a result of the striking colours of the costumes.

Important musical rhythms of the Andean Region are the danza dance of Andean folklore arising from the transformation of the European contredance , the bambuco it is played with guitar, tiple [] and mandolin , the rhythm is danced by couples , the pasillo a rhythm inspired by the Austrian waltz and the Colombian "danza", the lyrics have been composed by well-known poets , the guabina the tiple, the bandola and the requinto are the basic instruments , the sanjuanero it originated in Tolima and Huila Departments, the rhythm is joyful and fast.

The instruments that distinguish the music of the Eastern Plains are the harp , the cuatro a type of four-stringed guitar and maracas. Important rhythms of this region are the joropo a fast rhythm and there is also tapping as a result of its flamenco ancestry and the galeron it is heard a lot while cowboys are working.

The music of the Amazon region is strongly influenced by the indigenous religious practices. Some popular archipelago rhythms are the Schottische , the Calypso , the Polka and the Mento.

Theater was introduced in Colombia during the Spanish colonization in through zarzuela companies. Colombian theater is supported by the Ministry of Culture and a number of private and state owned organizations.

Although the Colombian cinema is young as an industry, more recently the film industry was growing with support from the Film Act passed in Some important national circulation newspapers are El Tiempo and El Espectador.

Television in Colombia has two privately owned TV networks and three state-owned TV networks with national coverage, as well as six regional TV networks and dozens of local TV stations.

Private channels, RCN and Caracol are the highest-rated. The regional channels and regional newspapers cover a department or more and its content is made in these particular areas.

Colombia has three major national radio networks: There are other national networks, including Cadena Super , Todelar , and Colmundo. Many hundreds of radio stations are registered with the Ministry of Information Technologies and Communications.

Colombian dishes and ingredients vary widely by region. Some of the most common ingredients are: Among the most representative appetizers and soups are patacones fried green plantains , sancocho de gallina chicken soup with root vegetables and ajiaco potato and corn soup.

Representative side dishes are papas chorreadas potatoes with cheese , remolachas rellenas con huevo duro beets stuffed with hard-boiled egg and arroz con coco coconut rice.

Colombia has been awarded " mover of the year " twice. Colombia is a hub for roller skaters. Of those cities have come good players like: Colombia was world amateur champion in and Boxing is one of the sports that more world champions has produced for Colombia.

Colombia also has excelled in sports such as BMX , judo , shooting sport , taekwondo , wrestling , high diving and athletics , also has a long tradition in weightlifting and bowling.

The overall life expectancy in Colombia at birth is Through health tourism , many people from over the world travel from their places of residence to other countries in search of medical treatment and the attractions in the countries visited.

It may have different vocational training modalities or specialties academic, technical, business, and so on. After the successful completion of all the basic and middle education years, a high-school diploma is awarded.

The high-school graduate is known as a bachiller , because secondary basic school and middle education are traditionally considered together as a unit called bachillerato sixth to eleventh grade.

This higher education includes undergraduate professional studies, technical, technological and intermediate professional education, and post-graduate studies.

Technical professional institutions of Higher Education are also opened to students holder of a qualification in Arts and Business.

This qualification is usually awarded by the SENA after a two years curriculum. Bachilleres high-school graduates may enter into a professional undergraduate career program offered by a university; these programs last up to five years or less for technical, technological and intermediate professional education, and post-graduate studies , even as much to six to seven years for some careers, such as medicine.

In Colombia, there is not an institution such as college; students go directly into a career program at a university or any other educational institution to obtain a professional, technical or technological title.

Once graduated from the university, people are granted a professional, technical or technological diploma and licensed if required to practice the career they have chosen.

For some professional career programs, students are required to take the Saber-Pro test, in their final year of undergraduate academic education.

Public spending on education as a proportion of gross domestic product in was 4. The primary and secondary gross enrolment ratios stood at School-life expectancy was A total of From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

This article is about the country. For other uses, see Colombia disambiguation. Not to be confused with Columbia.

Country in South America. Although the Colombian Constitution specifies Spanish Castellano as the official language in all Colombian territory, other languages spoken in the country by ethnic groups — approximately 68 languages — each is also official in its own territory.

History of Colombia and Timeline of Colombian history. Ciudad Perdida "The Lost City". Fauna of Colombia and Flora of Colombia.

Colombian Constitution of Foreign relations of Colombia. Diplomatic missions of Colombia. Departments of Colombia and Municipalities of Colombia.

List of cities in Colombia and Corregimientos of Colombia. Agriculture in Colombia and Industry of Colombia. Science and technology in Colombia.

List of Colombian Departments by population. Human biological diversity and ethnicity [1] [2] Percentage Mestizo and White. Human biological diversity and ethnicity in Colombia.

People with African ancestry in Colombia are concentrated mostly in coastal areas. Amerindian population of Colombia by municipality in Freedom of religion in Colombia.

Festivals in Colombia and Colombian folklore. Work of the painter, and sculptor Fernando Botero. Monumental hypogea of the Tierradentro culture.

Colonial city Cartagena de Indias has a military architecture characterized by solid walls and castles, colonial neighborhoods and churches.

Musical Regions of Colombia. Health care in Colombia. Colombia leads the annual ranking of the best clinics and hospitals in Latin America.

Colombia portal Latin America portal. The people of San Basilio fought against slavery, thereby giving rise to the first free place in the Americas.

Peter cared for the African slaves for thirty-eight years, defending the life and the dignity of the slaves. The increasing violence and human rights abuses of the s and s led him to fight for social justice in his community.

He developed a program that has offered more than 40, young people the education and moral support they needed to become productive citizens.

Retrieved 15 June The Society and Its Environment; Colombia: Archived from the original on 16 January Retrieved 8 May Retrieved 7 August Retrieved 4 April United Nations Development Programme.

Retrieved 16 September Retrieved 23 February Retrieved 14 March Archived from the original on 29 October Retrieved 9 March Retrieved 16 February Retrieved 2 May Revista Credencial in Spanish.

Retrieved 29 February Boletin de Arqueologia 8: Journal of World Prehistory. Los indios de Colombia in Spanish. Retrieved 2 April Cartagena de Indias en el siglo XVI.

El dorado en el pantano in Spanish. Archived from the original on 8 April Empires of the Atlantic World: Britain and Spain in America, — Archived from the original PDF on 29 June Instituciones y Archivos" PDF.

Archived from the original PDF on 7 April Palenque, Cartagena y Afro-Caribe: A life at the service of an Expedition — ".

A Geography of Hard Times: The scholar and the baron: Voyage of the exact sciences. A Scientist at Work in Nueva Granada.

Why is it celebrated on 20 July? Retrieved 18 July History of a Misunderstanding — " in Spanish. Plaza y Janes Editores Colombia sa.

Archived from the original on 16 February Revista de Indias 68, no. La Independencia de Venezuela relatada en clave de paz: Archived from the original PDF on 2 April Adaptada para todo lector en general y para el comerciante y colono en particular, Volume 1 in Spanish.

Universidad Militar Nueva Granada. Universidad Libre Seccional Pereira. Archived from the original PDF on 27 March International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance.

Archived from the original PDF on Historia extensa de Colombia. Archived from the original on 7 August Archived from the original PDF on 30 October Historia y Espacio in Spanish.

Archived from the original on 30 October Memorias Del Olvido" in Spanish. Universidad Nacional de Colombia , Centro Editorial.

Microsoft Encarta Online Encyclopedia Archived from the original on 1 November Retrieved 16 April The assassination marked the start of a decade of bloodshed, called La Violencia The Violence , which took the lives of an estimated , Colombians before it subsided in The Kellogg Institute for International Studies.

La alianza para el progreso de Colombia. Archived from the original PDF on 21 January Retrieved 6 February Archived from the original on 16 October Retrieved 24 April Farrar, Straus and Giroux.

Retrieved 27 January Retrieved 28 March Colombia and the United States: Retrieved 10 March El Tiempo in Spanish. Yale School of Management.

CIA world fact book. Retrieved 24 September Archived from the original on 22 October Retrieved 1 April Retrieved 6 September Voters reject Farc peace deal".

Retrieved 2 November Retrieved 10 December Archived from the original PDF on 25 September Retrieved 21 December Retrieved 23 March Oficina del Alto Comisionado para la Paz.

Retrieved 24 August Archived from the original on 9 September Retrieved 9 September The New York Times.

Retrieved 7 March Archived from the original on 7 March Retrieved 17 June Retrieved 15 November Retrieved 18 February Total Renewable Freshwater Supply, by Country".

Retrieved 25 February Retrieved 3 March Retrieved 18 December Archived from the original on 25 January Archived from the original on 9 March Retrieved 21 July Retrieved 5 April Retrieved 25 May Retrieved 15 March Granit Xhaka and Xherdan Shaqiri could receive a two-match ban over their display of an Albanian nationalist symbol.

Both the Swiss and the Serbian football Can you explain the correlation between climate change and water? You have to go all the way back to Argentina and to find the last time Tunisia won a World Cup match.

On that occasion they beat Mexico on their debut From shocking upsets to unfathomable goals, the World Cup has had football fans around the world on the edge of their seats during the group stage.

Some revelers got out of hand, broke Ahead of the crucial Shanghai Cooperation Organization SCO summit in Qingdao this coming weekend, three other recent events have offered clues on how The island of Lesbos was ground zero for refugees flooding across the Aegean.

A year later, the imprint of that experience still affects one village that tried to Losing to France was a great disappointment, but the Tui is the most eco-friendly airline in the world while Virgin Atlantic and British Airways are among the worst for pollution, according to a new report.

Five new reports unveiled at a UN biodiversity summit in Colombia are sounding the alarm over the rapidly deteriorating state of biodiversity on our planet.

Authorities said they would deploy a massive police presence The World Cup has provided us with numerous exciting matches since it kicked off on June Here are some of the most memorable moments of Russia Up to one million people are expected to visit Russia before the end of FIFA World Cup, and hundreds of thousands of fans have already flocked to With four Arab teams at the World Cup, hopes were high one would reach the round of Instead, all four are headed home after the group stage.

Rafael Henzel, one of the few survivors of a plane crash in Colombia that killed 71 people, gave a damning interview to Brazilian television on Sunday.

Several have made it across to Finland, A plane crash has killed 71 people in Colombia, with six officially confirmed survivors.

The plane - on its way to Medellin international airport - was carrying the More often than not in life, there is a simple explanation.

But speculation has a habit of taking flight because of its seductive appeal. The visit by Israeli Prime The feds are mad that, in a pilot program, airlines are keeping flights on time by letting passengers skip a facial recognition procedure at boarding.

Tish Alyn is on a mission. Make golf more appealing to more people. Here at GolfPunk we know how much fun golf is and we know how cool it is too.

The former French president is accused of accepting campaign cash from the Libyan leader. The rush to bomb Gaddafi gets a necessary second look.

No African soccer team has ever reached the World Cup semi-finals. For the tournament in Russia, five strong teams could change that. Global warming is leaving animals who take on a white coat in winter exposed as snow cover retreats.

But scientists say hot spots for "evolutionary rescue" could A partnership with police will permit some Amazon Echo owners to report crimes directly through their smart speakers.

Brazil have never failed to qualify for a World Cup in 21 attempts and have already secured top spot in South American qualification thanks to Neymar pictured Please note that this website is operated by eFinancialCareers Ltd.

Jewelry is meant to be a symbol of beauty, love, and commitment. DW analyzes what has gone wrong for the For Alejandro Chafuen, the gathering this spring at the Brick Hotel in Buenos Aires was as much a homecoming as it was a victory lap.

Argentina are going to the World Cup in Russia next year thanks to a superb Lionel Messi hat-trick, as the Albiceleste defeated Ecuador Japan World Cup: Japan pulls upset against an undermanned team 7 months ago.

Colombia snatch top spot in dramatic Group H finale 7 months ago. Fifa World Cup Group H guide: Poland, Senegal, Colombia, Japan 7 months ago. Japan 8 months ago.

Japan, Senegal draw to keep fates in own hands 7 months ago. Who needs what to advance to the knockout stages? Deutsche Welle Who needs what?

Senegal capitalize on errors from stale Poland 7 months ago. How Workers Win and Lose 1 month ago. Are Poland too reliant on Lewandowski?

We Timed Every Game. World Cup spat turns deadly in Lebanon as fan killed after Germany match 7 months ago. Colombia 6 years ago.

Air India pilot suspended over failed alcohol test 3 months ago. Who Really Creates Value in an Economy? Favorites struggling to impose themselves at World Cup 7 months ago.

The blockchain revolution comes to climate action 9 months ago. Free-scoring Belgium out to defy the odds against Brazil 7 months ago. Vet charged with sewing liquid heroin into puppies 9 months ago.

Water and climate change:

Kolumbien japan - opinion

Der Sieg für Japan ist besonders aufgrund der zweiten Hälfte völlig verdient. Baum schimpft über Schiedsrichter: Kolumbien agiert im gelben Trikot von rechts nach links, während die Asiaten im dunkelblauen Dress auflaufen. Die Japaner stehen beim Spielaufbau der Kolumbianer mit fünf Spielern in der gegnerischen Hälfte und lassen die Südamerikaner erst gar nicht zur Entfaltung kommen. Ein weiterer Platzverweis wäre für die kommenden Begegnungen natürlich absolut unnötig und kaum kompensierbar. Lerma setzt James auf der rechten Seite per Hackenpass in Szene. Bitte stimmen Sie zu. Shinji Okazaki ersetzt für die letzten Minuten Yuya Osako. Ihr Passwort wurde erfolgreich geändert. Mittelfeldspieler Carlos Sanchez hatte joshua vs molina in der dritten Spielminute die Rote Karte gesehen, mobil casino utan registrering wurde der angeschlagene James erst nach knapp einer Stunde eingewechselt. Die Südamerikaner antworteten mit wütenden Angriffen, ein Tor gelang aber nicht. Fast die erneute Führung für Japan! Kolumbien Ospina — Arias, D. Die Deutschen konkurrieren mit dem Titelverteidiger aus Paris spiele runterladen kostenlos für handy die Bronzemedaille. Ein Querschlag der Japaner landet bei Falcao, der mit Hasebe zusammenknallt. Sakai rutscht die Pille allerdings etwas über den Spann, sodass der Ball deutlich an der linken Aluminiumstange vorbeiraucht. Weiter geht's mit dem zweiten Durchgang. Bei der Passwort-Anfrage hat etwas nicht funktioniert. Einen Eckball wunder casino die Asiaten deutschland qualifikation 2019 unzureichend zentral vor das Gehäuse, wo Juan Cuadrado bereitsteht und das Leder auf das Tor hämmert. Kolumbien - Japan 1: Die zweite Halbzeit ist angepfiffen. Karte in Saison Zuschauer: Bitte wählen Sie eine Figur aus. Dafür kassiert der Übeltäter kurz darauf die Gelbe Karte. Cuadrado, Quintero, No deposit casino uk bonus - Fcn transfers. Doch kings casino rozvadov turnierplan der

The foreign affairs of Colombia are headed by the President, as head of state, and managed by the Minister of Foreign Affairs.

Colombia was one of the 4 founding members of the Pacific Alliance , which is a political, economic and co-operative integration mechanism that promotes the free circulation of goods, services, capital and persons between the members, as well as a common stock exchange and joint embassies in several countries.

The executive branch of government is responsible for managing the defense of Colombia, with the President commander-in-chief of the armed forces.

The Ministry of Defence exercises day-to-day control of the military and the Colombian National Police. Colombia has , active military personnel. The Colombian military is divided into three branches: The National Police functions as a gendarmerie , operating independently from the military as the law enforcement agency for the entire country.

Departments are subdivided into municipalities , each of which is assigned a municipal seat, and municipalities are in turn subdivided into corregimientos in rural areas and into comunas in urban areas.

Each department has a local government with a governor and assembly directly elected to four-year terms, and each municipality is headed by a mayor and council.

There is a popularly elected local administrative board in each of the corregimientos or comunas. In addition to the capital four other cities have been designated districts in effect special municipalities , on the basis of special distinguishing features.

Some departments have local administrative subdivisions, where towns have a large concentration of population and municipalities are near each other for example in Antioquia and Cundinamarca.

Historically an agrarian economy, Colombia urbanised rapidly in the 20th century, by the end of which just Consumption expenditure by households is the largest component of GDP.

The country suffered a recession in the first full year of negative growth since the Great Depression , and the recovery from that recession was long and painful.

However, in recent years growth has been impressive, reaching 6. Total government expenditures account for External debt equals A strong fiscal climate was reaffirmed by a boost in bond ratings.

The financial sector has grown favorably due to good liquidity in the economy, the growth of credit and the positive performance of the Colombian economy.

The electricity production in Colombia comes mainly from renewable energy sources. Colombia is rich in natural resources, and its main exports include mineral fuels, oils, distillation products , fruit and other agricultural products, sugars and sugar confectionery, food products , plastics, precious stones, metals, forest products, chemical goods , pharmaceuticals , vehicles, electronic products, electrical equipments, perfumery and cosmetics, machinery, manufactured articles, textile and fabrics, clothing and footwear, glass and glassware, furniture, prefabricated buildings, military products, home and office material, construction equipment, software , among others.

Non-traditional exports have boosted the growth of Colombian foreign sales as well as the diversification of destinations of export thanks to new free trade agreements.

The multidimensional poverty rate stands at Tourism generated , jobs 2. Colombia has more than 3, research groups in science and technology.

Co-working spaces have arisen to serve as communities for startups large and small. Important inventions related to the medicine have been made in Colombia, such as the first external artificial pacemaker with internal electrodes , invented by the electronics engineer Jorge Reynolds Pombo , invention of great importance for those who suffer from heart failure.

Also invented in Colombia were the microkeratome and keratomileusis technique, which form the fundamental basis of what now is known as LASIK one of the most important techniques for the correction of refractive errors of vision and the Hakim valve for the treatment of Hydrocephalus , among others.

Some leading Colombian scientists are Joseph M. The population growth rate for is estimated to be 0. The proportion of older persons in the total population has begun to increase substantially.

The population is concentrated in the Andean highlands and along the Caribbean coast , also the population densities are generally higher in the Andean region.

The life expectancy is Colombia is ranked third in the world in the Happy Planet Index. Including Spanish, a total of languages are listed for Colombia in the Ethnologue database.

The specific number of spoken languages varies slightly since some authors consider as different languages what others consider to be varieties or dialects of the same language.

There are currently about , speakers of native languages. Colombia is ethnically diverse, its people descending from the original native inhabitants, Spanish colonists, Africans originally brought to the country as slaves, and 20th-century immigrants from Europe and the Middle East , all contributing to a diverse cultural heritage.

The populations of the major cities also include mestizos. Mestizo campesinos people living in rural areas also live in the Andean highlands where some Spanish conquerors mixed with the women of Amerindian chiefdoms.

Mestizos include artisans and small tradesmen that have played a major part in the urban expansion of recent decades. Indigenous Amerindians comprise 3.

Many of the Indigenous peoples experienced a reduction in population during the Spanish rule [] and many others were absorbed into the mestizo population, but the remainder currently represents over eighty distinct cultures.

Reserves resguardos established for indigenous peoples occupy 30,, hectares , In , Colombia signed and ratified the current international law concerning indigenous peoples, Indigenous and Tribal Peoples Convention, Black Africans were brought as slaves , mostly to the coastal lowlands, beginning early in the 16th century and continuing into the 19th century.

Large Afro-Colombian communities are found today on the Caribbean and Pacific coasts. A number of other Europeans and North Americans migrated to the country in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, including people from the former USSR during and after the Second World War.

Many immigrant communities have settled on the Caribbean coast, in particular recent immigrants from the Middle East.

Barranquilla the largest city of the Colombian Caribbean and other Caribbean cities have the largest populations of Lebanese , Palestinian , and other Arabs.

The remaining people either did not respond or replied that they did not know. In addition to the above statistics, While Colombia remains a mostly Roman Catholic country by baptism numbers, the Colombian constitution guarantees freedom of religion and all religious faiths and churches are equally free before the law.

Colombia is a highly urbanized country. Cartagena highlights in number of inhabitants and the city of Bucaramanga is relevant in terms of metropolitan area population.

Colombia lies at the crossroads of Latin America and the broader American continent, and as such has been hit by a wide range of cultural influences.

Urban migration, industrialization, globalization, and other political, social and economic changes have also left an impression.

Cultural expressions in Colombia are promoted by the government through the Ministry of Culture. Colombian literature dates back to pre-Columbian era; a notable example of the period is the epic poem known as the Legend of Yurupary.

Colombian art has over 3, years of history. They erected raised ceremonial centres, sarcophagi , and large stone monoliths depicting anthropomorphic and zoomorphhic forms out of stone.

Colombian art has followed the trends of the time, so during the 16th to 18th centuries, Spanish Catholicism had a huge influence on Colombian art, and the popular baroque style was replaced with rococo when the Bourbons ascended to the Spanish crown.

Since the s, the Colombian art started to have a distinctive point of view, reinventing traditional elements under the concepts of the 20th century.

Carlos Correa, with his paradigmatic "Naturaleza muerta en silencio" silent dead nature , combines geometrical abstraction and cubism.

The Colombian sculpture from the sixteenth to 18th centuries was mostly devoted to religious depictions of ecclesiastic art, strongly influenced by the Spanish schools of sacred sculpture.

During the early period of the Colombian republic, the national artists were focused in the production of sculptural portraits of politicians and public figures, in a plain neoclassicist trend.

Colombian photography was marked by the arrival of the daguerreotype. Jean-Baptiste Louis Gros was who brought the daguerreotype process to Colombia in The Colombian press has promoted the work of the cartoonists.

In recent decades, fanzines , internet and independent publishers have been fundamental to the growth of the comic in Colombia.

Throughout the times, there have been a variety of architectural styles , from those of indigenous peoples to contemporary ones, passing through colonial military and religious , Republican, transition and modern styles.

Ancient habitation areas, longhouses, crop terraces , roads as the Inca road system , cemeteries, hypogeums and necropolises are all part of the architectural heritage of indigenous peoples.

Architecture during the period of conquest and colonization is mainly derived of adapting European styles to local conditions, and Spanish influence , especially Andalusian and Extremaduran , can be easily seen.

The National Capitol is a great representative of romanticism. The Caribbean architecture acquires a strong Arabic influence. Deco style, modern neoclassicism , eclecticism folklorist and art deco ornamental resources significantly influenced the architecture of Colombia, especially during the transition period.

The contemporary architecture of Colombia is designed to give greater importance to the materials , this architecture takes into account the specific natural and artificial geographies and is also an architecture that appeals to the senses.

Colombia has a vibrant collage of talent that touches a full spectrum of rhythms. Musicians, composers, music producers and singers from Colombia are recognized internationally such as Shakira , Juanes , Carlos Vives and others.

Colombia has a diverse and dynamic musical environment. The music from the Pacific coast, such as the currulao is characterized by its strong use of drums instruments such as the native marimba , the conunos, the bass drum , the side drum and the cuatro guasas or tubular rattle.

An important rhythm of the south region of the Pacific coast is the contradanza it is used in dance shows, as a result of the striking colours of the costumes.

Important musical rhythms of the Andean Region are the danza dance of Andean folklore arising from the transformation of the European contredance , the bambuco it is played with guitar, tiple [] and mandolin , the rhythm is danced by couples , the pasillo a rhythm inspired by the Austrian waltz and the Colombian "danza", the lyrics have been composed by well-known poets , the guabina the tiple, the bandola and the requinto are the basic instruments , the sanjuanero it originated in Tolima and Huila Departments, the rhythm is joyful and fast.

The instruments that distinguish the music of the Eastern Plains are the harp , the cuatro a type of four-stringed guitar and maracas.

Important rhythms of this region are the joropo a fast rhythm and there is also tapping as a result of its flamenco ancestry and the galeron it is heard a lot while cowboys are working.

The music of the Amazon region is strongly influenced by the indigenous religious practices. Some popular archipelago rhythms are the Schottische , the Calypso , the Polka and the Mento.

Theater was introduced in Colombia during the Spanish colonization in through zarzuela companies. Colombian theater is supported by the Ministry of Culture and a number of private and state owned organizations.

Although the Colombian cinema is young as an industry, more recently the film industry was growing with support from the Film Act passed in Some important national circulation newspapers are El Tiempo and El Espectador.

Television in Colombia has two privately owned TV networks and three state-owned TV networks with national coverage, as well as six regional TV networks and dozens of local TV stations.

Private channels, RCN and Caracol are the highest-rated. The regional channels and regional newspapers cover a department or more and its content is made in these particular areas.

Colombia has three major national radio networks: There are other national networks, including Cadena Super , Todelar , and Colmundo.

Many hundreds of radio stations are registered with the Ministry of Information Technologies and Communications. Colombian dishes and ingredients vary widely by region.

Some of the most common ingredients are: Among the most representative appetizers and soups are patacones fried green plantains , sancocho de gallina chicken soup with root vegetables and ajiaco potato and corn soup.

Representative side dishes are papas chorreadas potatoes with cheese , remolachas rellenas con huevo duro beets stuffed with hard-boiled egg and arroz con coco coconut rice.

Colombia has been awarded " mover of the year " twice. Colombia is a hub for roller skaters. Of those cities have come good players like: Colombia was world amateur champion in and Boxing is one of the sports that more world champions has produced for Colombia.

Colombia also has excelled in sports such as BMX , judo , shooting sport , taekwondo , wrestling , high diving and athletics , also has a long tradition in weightlifting and bowling.

The overall life expectancy in Colombia at birth is Through health tourism , many people from over the world travel from their places of residence to other countries in search of medical treatment and the attractions in the countries visited.

It may have different vocational training modalities or specialties academic, technical, business, and so on. After the successful completion of all the basic and middle education years, a high-school diploma is awarded.

The high-school graduate is known as a bachiller , because secondary basic school and middle education are traditionally considered together as a unit called bachillerato sixth to eleventh grade.

This higher education includes undergraduate professional studies, technical, technological and intermediate professional education, and post-graduate studies.

Technical professional institutions of Higher Education are also opened to students holder of a qualification in Arts and Business.

This qualification is usually awarded by the SENA after a two years curriculum. Bachilleres high-school graduates may enter into a professional undergraduate career program offered by a university; these programs last up to five years or less for technical, technological and intermediate professional education, and post-graduate studies , even as much to six to seven years for some careers, such as medicine.

In Colombia, there is not an institution such as college; students go directly into a career program at a university or any other educational institution to obtain a professional, technical or technological title.

Once graduated from the university, people are granted a professional, technical or technological diploma and licensed if required to practice the career they have chosen.

For some professional career programs, students are required to take the Saber-Pro test, in their final year of undergraduate academic education.

Public spending on education as a proportion of gross domestic product in was 4. The primary and secondary gross enrolment ratios stood at School-life expectancy was A total of From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

This article is about the country. For other uses, see Colombia disambiguation. Not to be confused with Columbia. Country in South America.

Although the Colombian Constitution specifies Spanish Castellano as the official language in all Colombian territory, other languages spoken in the country by ethnic groups — approximately 68 languages — each is also official in its own territory.

History of Colombia and Timeline of Colombian history. Ciudad Perdida "The Lost City". Fauna of Colombia and Flora of Colombia. Colombian Constitution of Foreign relations of Colombia.

Diplomatic missions of Colombia. Departments of Colombia and Municipalities of Colombia. List of cities in Colombia and Corregimientos of Colombia.

Agriculture in Colombia and Industry of Colombia. Science and technology in Colombia. List of Colombian Departments by population.

Human biological diversity and ethnicity [1] [2] Percentage Mestizo and White. Human biological diversity and ethnicity in Colombia. People with African ancestry in Colombia are concentrated mostly in coastal areas.

Amerindian population of Colombia by municipality in Freedom of religion in Colombia. Festivals in Colombia and Colombian folklore.

Work of the painter, and sculptor Fernando Botero. Monumental hypogea of the Tierradentro culture. Colonial city Cartagena de Indias has a military architecture characterized by solid walls and castles, colonial neighborhoods and churches.

Musical Regions of Colombia. Several have made it across to Finland, A plane crash has killed 71 people in Colombia, with six officially confirmed survivors.

The plane - on its way to Medellin international airport - was carrying the More often than not in life, there is a simple explanation.

But speculation has a habit of taking flight because of its seductive appeal. The visit by Israeli Prime The feds are mad that, in a pilot program, airlines are keeping flights on time by letting passengers skip a facial recognition procedure at boarding.

Tish Alyn is on a mission. Make golf more appealing to more people. Here at GolfPunk we know how much fun golf is and we know how cool it is too.

The former French president is accused of accepting campaign cash from the Libyan leader. The rush to bomb Gaddafi gets a necessary second look.

No African soccer team has ever reached the World Cup semi-finals. For the tournament in Russia, five strong teams could change that.

Global warming is leaving animals who take on a white coat in winter exposed as snow cover retreats. But scientists say hot spots for "evolutionary rescue" could A partnership with police will permit some Amazon Echo owners to report crimes directly through their smart speakers.

Brazil have never failed to qualify for a World Cup in 21 attempts and have already secured top spot in South American qualification thanks to Neymar pictured Please note that this website is operated by eFinancialCareers Ltd.

Jewelry is meant to be a symbol of beauty, love, and commitment. DW analyzes what has gone wrong for the For Alejandro Chafuen, the gathering this spring at the Brick Hotel in Buenos Aires was as much a homecoming as it was a victory lap.

Argentina are going to the World Cup in Russia next year thanks to a superb Lionel Messi hat-trick, as the Albiceleste defeated Ecuador Japan World Cup: Japan pulls upset against an undermanned team 7 months ago.

Colombia snatch top spot in dramatic Group H finale 7 months ago. Fifa World Cup Group H guide: Poland, Senegal, Colombia, Japan 7 months ago.

Japan 8 months ago. Japan, Senegal draw to keep fates in own hands 7 months ago. Who needs what to advance to the knockout stages? Deutsche Welle Who needs what?

Senegal capitalize on errors from stale Poland 7 months ago. How Workers Win and Lose 1 month ago. Are Poland too reliant on Lewandowski? We Timed Every Game.

World Cup spat turns deadly in Lebanon as fan killed after Germany match 7 months ago. Colombia 6 years ago.

Air India pilot suspended over failed alcohol test 3 months ago. Who Really Creates Value in an Economy? Favorites struggling to impose themselves at World Cup 7 months ago.

The blockchain revolution comes to climate action 9 months ago. Free-scoring Belgium out to defy the odds against Brazil 7 months ago.

Wins W , draws D and losses L are displayed. Most recently they drew with: The match resulted in a draw. Bundesliga - Tips 1. Bundesliga - Matchday Tips 1.

Bundesliga - Teams 1. Bundesliga - Season close 1. Bundesliga - Odds comparison. Bundesliga - Tips 2. Bundesliga - Matchday Tips 2.

Bundesliga - Teams 2.

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COLOMBIA v CÔTE D'IVOIRE (2:1) - 2014 FIFA World Cup™